17 December 2017


The pinkwashing of Melbourne ‘Pride’

By: Bobuck Sayed

Feb 5, 2016
The protest at this year’s annual ‘Pride’ march in Melbourne, and the violent reaction it subsequently received, draws critical attention to the ethical compromises the queer community has made to gain the power, funding and visibility we now have.
A group of queer and transgender activists disrupted the march in front of the NAB faction with a peaceful sit-in to demonstrate that ‘Pride’ is not simply a celebration, a statement from the group outlines, but a protest fighting for liberation for everyone harmed by heteronormativity, cisnormativity, misogyny, ableism, racism and other forms of oppression.
Video footage shows people from the crowd verbally vilifying the protestors for disrupting the parade and then assaulting them with fists, shoves and discoloured water from hoses and buckets. Each succeeding attack on the masked protestors, who were both able-bodied and disabled, is followed by roaring affirmation from the mob. It is horrifying to watch members of the march aggressively confront the protestors, attempt to steal their flags, litter them with insults, and then have the audacity to demand them to “show your fucking face, you cowards!”
Our queer forbearers fought for our freedom to be out and proud. But what is the Pride movement costing us if the voices and actions of those demonstrating among us are violently silenced and policed?
The protestors’ concerns were with Midsumma Festival’s continued affiliation with ethically compromised corporations who co-opt LGBT causes to valorise their own public image. This phenomenon is called pinkwashing, and there is growing backlash around the world against organisations and governments who intentionally associate themselves with queerness as a marketing campaign, without rectifying the damage they cause to other marginalised communities.
NAB is a major partner of Midsumma Festival, and AGL is a gold-supporting partner, whatever that means. These companies are notorious for investing in fossil fuels and, as such, the socio-environmental devastation that climate change is responsible for. Furthermore, NAB invests in Transfield, which manages the ‘security services’ at offshore refugee processing centres in Nauru and PNG. As the statement from the protesters describes, some of those processed offshore by Transfield are queer and gender diverse. Another sponsor of the festival, Jetstar, is similarly complicit in the forceful deportation of asylum seekers.
The value of a protest against the contentious affiliations of Midsumma, one of the largest queer festivals in Australia, and its ties to fossil fuels and offshore detention centres cannot be ignored. Especially because many of the participants at ‘Pride’ had little knowledge of these affiliations before the protest.
The fact that this political gesture had to be staged in the middle of the march, and received such ardent antagonism from onlookers, testifies to how few opportunities there are for criticism of the queer community to be voiced from within the queer community. Ignoring these examples of our diversity renders us vulnerable to the same dogmatic homogeneity that has historically erased our own histories and visibility.
Many of the onlookers allegedly interpreted the peaceful sit-in as a homophobic gesture, despite the protestors holding a trans flag and proclaiming a banner that read: “Queers Revolt!” If these markers of queerness, alongside the protestors’ chants of ‘no pride in pinkwashing’ and ‘no pride in deportation’, fell on deaf ears, then we need to seriously consider why. The violence they endured must only have exacerbated the existing alienation many trans and queer people feel from a gay culture that has effectively been commodified and deradicalised. There is no humour in police having to defend queer protesters from the trigger happy, violently defensive onlookers at a ‘Pride’ march.

12 December 2017


Sam Dastyiari has been hounded out of parliament by both major parties over his involvement with Chinese business people.

Now try to find out how much both  major political parties have been involved with taking bribes from the main zionist group in Australia making sure that support for Israel will be assured by the Australian federal government in perpetuity.

Who enjoys trips to Israel sponsored by this group AIJAC? Who pays and what politicians take advantage of this offer? Find out whether Julie Bishop, Bill Shorten and many others have had fabulous trips to the zionist apartheid "homeland".


In the following article I have put references to items relating to Israel, Jewish organisations or zionists in italics - red-jos

List of overseas trips and hospitality accepted by Federal MPs

Trips between November 2007 and March 2009


July 2008: Travel to Israel for six days as guest of Australia/Israel & Jewish Affairs Council.
September 2008: Travel with wife to Hawaii as guests of the Australia-America Leadership Dialogue to attend conference.


2008: Accommodation provided by European Ideas Network to attend annual conference. Destination not disclosed.
2008: Participated in international round table conference at Heritage Foundation in Washington DC. Accommodation provided by Heritage Foundation.

Jan 27- Feb 1, 2008: visited Beijing and Nanchang, China, as guest of AFFO Pty Ltd.
Feb 26-Mar 9, 2009: travel to beijing and Shanghai as guest of Australia International Trade Association.


July 1-4, 2008: Centre for Democratic Institutions paid for airfares and accommodation to attend meetings in Jakarta with Commission One of the Indonesian Parliament.
Sept 21-24, 2008: Australia-American Dialogue provided return airfare to Hawaii and 4 days accommodation for conference.

Aug 19-23, 2008: Travel, accommodation, hospitality and tickets to Beijing Olympics provided by Channel Seven.


2008: overseas travel to China and accommodation with Australian Political Exchange Council.


Sept 27-Oct 3, 2008: Travel to Japan as guest of Japanese Government.
Oct 29- Nov 6, 2008: Travel to China paid for by China-Australia Friendship Group of the National People's Congress.
Dec 13-20, 2008: Travel to Israel and accommodation as guest of Australia/Israel & Jewish Affairs Council.


June 2008: Australian American Leadership Dialogue paid for travel with wife to Washington.
Sept 2008: travel to United States and several days accommodation courtesy of the University of Virginia.


2008: business class return fare to London and three nights accommodation for Human Rights North Korea conference.
2008: return business class flight Bangkok to Tel Aviv, five nights accommodation sponsored by Australia Israel Cultural Exchange.
2008: one-way business class flight Melbourne to Tokyo, two nights accommodation, sponsored by 2008 International Conference on Global Support for Democratization in China and Asia.


Mar 20-25, 2008: Travel to Taiwan to lead International Democratic Union election observers delegation.
April 6-16, 2008: Travel with wife to London paid for by Blue Oar Resources to speak at conference.
April 27-May 6, 2008: Travel to USA paid for by American Jewish Committee to receive award for diplomatic excellence.
June 23-July 2, 2008: Travel to US and UK for Australia American Leadership Dialogue and Haklayt and Co Ltd.
June 21-23, 2008: Travel to Auckland, NZ, to attend Israel Chamber of Commerce gala dinner as guest speaker. Paid for by Zionist Federation of NZ in conjunction with NZ Israel Trade Association.


July 10-17, 2008: Australia/Israel & Jewish Affairs Council trip to Israel, business airfares and accommodation.


Oct 29-Nov 6, 2008: Travel to China as guest China-Australia Friendship Group of the National Peoples Congress.


Mar 19-27, 2008: Business class travel, hospitality and accommodation from Sydney to Vientiane, Laos, provide by World Bank Institute. Estimated value $8000.

2008: Return air tickets and accommodation to Cebu, Philippines from United Nations World Tourism Organisation.


Feb 29-Mar 2, 2008: Economy-class travel to Taipei, Taiwan, to attend hearing on Asia's Future in a Hotter World at inter-parliamentary hearing on climate, energy and forests in Asia. Accommodation and travel paid for by the E Parliament.
May 17-22, 2008: Travel, accommodation and meals to Taiwan paid for by Taiwan Government.


2008: Return economy fare to NZ (cost $724) plus 2 nights accommodation ($400) paid for by Pure Fresh, NZ to address NZ Nationals Conference.


Oct 29-Nov 6, 2008: trip to China paid for by China Australia Friendship Group of the National People's Congress. host paid for internal airfares, meals, accommodation.

Dec 2000: Part of Jetstar return flight to Bali paid for by Australia China Development Association and part paid for by World Future Council. Three nights accommodation in Bali at Alilia Hotel paid for by Australia China Development Council.
Feb 28-Mar 3, 2008: Flights and Accommodation for trip to Phuket, Thailand, to attend Asia Society's Young Leaders Conference. $US1200 paid for by Asia Society, rest paid for by the Australia-China Development Association.
Feb 23-27, 2008: Flights and accommodation to India paid for by Australia-China Development Association.
Mar 4-10, 2008: Flights and 4 nights accommodation to USA for Johnson, wife and son paid for by Mineralogy.
April 9-16, 2008: airfares and accommodation to attend Boao Forum for Asia, paid for by Boao Forum for Asia.
May 17, 2008: Airfare Sydney to Egypt paid for by Australia-China Development Association.
June 26-July 8, 2008: Return airfares Brisbane to Vienna and 5 nights accommodation paid for by World Justice Program secretariat.
June 27-30, 2008: Return airfares Singapore to Mongolia and 3 nights accommodation paid for by Petro Matad Group and Major Drilling Group International.
July 11-17, 2008: Return airfares Brisbane to Beijing, paid for by Kumar Group of companies, 6 nights accommodation in Beijing paid for by iMMedian Pty Ltd.
July 23-31, 2008: Return airfares Brisbane to NZ and 9 nights accommodation paid for by Auspol.
Sept 7-11, 2008: Return flights to Singapore paid for by Australia-China Development Association.
2008: Return airfare Brisbane to Tibet paid for by SCIO Chinese Government and three nights accommodation in Tibet.
2008: Return airfare Aust-China for wife and son paid for by Australia-China Development Association and 4 nights accommodation.


July 10-16, 2008: Travel to Israel guest of Australia/Israel & Jewish Affairs Council. Business class airfare, accommodation.


Apr 9-13, 2008: Accommodation for six nights as one of 11 people in a rented house in Augusta, Georgia, USA, as guest of Golf Australia. Ticket to US Masters golf tournament Apr 9-13 provided by Stuart Appleby through Golf Australia.


- Mar 30-April 2, 2008: Two nights accommodation in New Zealand (cost $405) and registration fee of $700 for International Diabetes Federation Western Pacific Congress paid for by Diabetes New Zealand.
- June 1-13, 2008: KCI Medical Group and Novo Nordisk paid for flights and accommodation on trip to Helsinki to attend World Congress on the Prevention of Diabetes and its Complications and then flight to Berlin to address members of the Bundestag on the Australian parliamentary diabetes support group.
- 2008: trip to Rome, Italy, sponsored by Novo Nordisk.


- Dec 13-20, 2008: Travel to Israel guest of Australia/Israel & Jewish Affairs Council.


2008: visit to China as guest of government.
2008: visit to Korea funded by Korea Foundation (chair of Australian/Korea parliamentary friendship group).


Feb 15-18, 2009: Trip to Jakarta costing $1500 from Parliamentarians for Global Action to attend meeting on the International Criminal Court.


May 17-24, 2008: With wife guests of Taiwanese Govt for presidential inauguration ceremony.


June 2008: International Council on Alcohol Policy, airfare and accommodation in Singapore for 2 nights.
August 2008: travel and accommodation to Hong Kong courtesy National Democratic Institute of USA.


July 5-9, 2008: Travel to China as part of delegation from the City of Ipswich, travel and accommodation paid for by ATM World Travel.
Jan 5-10, 2009: Travel to Chennai, India, paid for by Dr V.R.S. Sampath, president of Madras Development Society, who organised conference, and sponsored travel and accommodation.


- Oct 29-Nov 6, 2008: trip to China as guest of China-Aust Friendship Group of the National Peoples Congress.


Jan 12-20, 2008: sponsored airfares and accommodation from Australian American Leadership Dialogue to attend West Coast Leadership Dialogue in USA.
June 22-30, 2008: Australian American leadership Dialogue visit to USA, business class fares, accommodation.
July 10-17, 2008: Australia/Israel & Jewish Affairs Council trip to Israel, business class fares, accommodation.


2008: economy flight Brisbane to Entebbe (Uganda) return paid for by Watoto Australia.


Nov 23-25, 2008: seminar in Bangkok, Thailand, conducted by National Assembly of Thailand and King Prajadhipok's Institute with Inter-Parliamentary Union.


Oct-Nov, 2008: Six days accommodation in China provided by National Peoples Congress and two internal flights and 15 meals.


Oct 29-Nov 6, 2008: China Aust Friendship Group of the National Peoples Congress trip to China, internal flights, accommodation and meals.


Oct 29-Nov 6, 2008: China Aust Friendship Group of the National Peoples Congress trip to China, internal flights, accommodation and meals.


Feb 16-19, 2008: Trip to Singapore to attend airshow and aviation leadership summit. Travel and accommodation paid for by Singapore Government.
Mar 1-6, 2008: travel to Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Bharain and Doha travel and accommodation paid for by Servcorp. Acting as consultant for the company.
May 6-9, 2008: travel to Singapore, travel and accommodation paid for by Servcorp.
July 13-19, 2008: travel to Dubai and Abu Dhabi paid for by Servcorp acting as consultant.


May 17-24, 2008: With wife, guests of Taiwanese Govt as part of delegation visiting for presidential inauguration ceremony. Travel and accommodation.


2008: Trip to Israel paid for by Australian Institute of Jewish Affairs Council.
2008: Trip to Taiwan, as guest of Taiwan Government.



April 10-17: With wife, guests of Taiwan Economic and Cultural Office trip to Taiwan and accommodation.


June/July, 2008: trip to Washington DC for Australia America Dialogue conference, accommodation and return Qantas business class fare.

Jan 3-10, 2009: Awarded 28th Lee Kuan Yew Exchange Fellowship - first class airfares from Singapore Airlines, accommodation for a week at Shangri-La, meals.


Feb 19-26: Business class airfare Canberra to Vienna and return to Launceston. accommodation 4 nights, fee of 1325 Euro to speak at Vienna School of Clinical Research, paid for by VSCR.


- Feb 19-24, 2008: Return flight to Taipei and hospitality $4550 paid by CIPFG-Taiwan to attend human rights meeting as keynote speaker.


2008: travel and costs to Israel paid for by Australia/Israel & Jewish Affairs Council.
Mar 1-7, 2008: Young Political Leaders Exchange program trip to Japan. Hospitality and travel.


2008: airfares and accommodation for trip to Taiwan.

Dec 13-20, 2008: trip to Israel with Australia/Israel & Jewish Affairs Council.


April 10-17: guest of Taiwan Economic and Cultural Office trip to Taiwan and accommodation.

Aug 24-30, 2008: with spouse, travel to Taiwan paid for by Taiwan Government.


Dec 13-20, 2008: trip to Israel with Australia/Israel & Jewish Affairs Council.


April 10-17: With fiance guest of Taiwan Economic and Cultural Office trip to Taiwan and accommodation.

Oct 28-Nov 3, 2008: Australian Political Exchange Council delegation to Vietnam as guest of Vietnam International Youth Cooperation Development Centre.


April 10-14, 2008: With wife, guest of Taiwan Economic and Cultural Office trip to Taiwan and accommodation.


April 22-28, 2008: Business class airfares on China Southern Airlines from Australia to China, acommodation and hospitality paid for by Chinatown Comunications Pty Ltd, 388 Sussex St, Sydney.
- June 20-28, 2008: trip to Israel and Palestine. Accommodation and hospitality paid for by Australian Israel Cultural Exchange Ltd and business class return airfare from Bangkok to Tel Aviv return partly paid for by AICE.
- July 1-6, 2008: delegation to Jakarta, business class airfare from Perth to Jakarta paid for by Centre for Democratic Institutions on July 1 and return to Sydney on July 6 plus 3 nights hotel accommodation and meals.


May 17-24, 2008: trip to Taiwan paid for by Government of Taiwan and accommodation for inauguration of president.
Aug 21-26, 2008: trip to China, travel and hospitality costs paid for by Chinese government to gain first hand experience of economic, social and political ties.


July 10-17, 2008: trip to Israel paid for by Australia/Israel & Jewish Affairs Council.
Aug 22, 2008: travel between Los Angeles and Las Vegas paid for by Worley Parsons to visit to solar energy station.


Oct 29-Nov 5, 2008: China-Aust Parliamentary Group of the National People's Congress delegation to China, meals, accommodation and Chinese domestic fares.


June 20-27, 2008: Travel and hospitality to Israel paid for by Australia Israel Cultural Exchange.
Aug 7-12, 2008: Travel and hospitality to Taiwan paid for by Taipei economic and cultural office to enhance education links.


Dec 7-15, 2007: return airfare paid by International Union for the Conservation of Nature for travel Hobart to Bali.
March 2008: airfare paid by International Union for the Conservation of Nature for travel to Geneva, Switzerland.
Sept/Oct 2008: airfare paid by International Union for the Conservation of Nature for travel to Barcelona.
* Senator Milne is IUCN vice president and airfares paid for global council meetings twice a year.


Dec 13-14, 2008: Asian forum of Parliamentarians on population and development general assembly, Hanoi, Vietnam. Travel $2293, 3 nights accommodation, total cost $2853.


May 25-29, 2008: Asian Population and Development Association paid for travel and hospitality to Kuala Lumpur for conference.


Sept 20-24, 2008: Australian American Leadership Dialogue return airfare Sydney to Honolulu and 5 nights accommodation in Honolulu.


March 22-27, 2008: Economy fare on Thai Airlines from Melbourne to Vientiane return and accommodation at $US30 a night paid for by Interplast Australia and New Zealand of which Patterson is a director and board member.
Apr 14-18, 2008: Centre for Democratic Institutions paid for economy SkyAir flight from Brisbane to Honiara with upgrade on return flight and accommodation at King Solomon Hotel Honiara.


2009: Travel to Israel paid for by Australia/Israel & Jewish Affairs Council.


April 3-20, 2008: Delegation to European Institutions. Qantas upgrade to first class on flight from Singapore to London on April 3-4.

Information based on disclosure by MPs.


PM Malcolm Turnbull takes selfie with Israeli PM Benjamin Yetanyahu, complete with slouch hat, at Beershaba in the former Palestine, 31 October 2017 (Image via @IsraeliPM)

Forget China, no country has interfered, spied and endangered Australia’s security, sovereignty and the integrity of its national institutions more than Israel and its powerful lobbyists, writes former Palestinian Ambassador Ali Kazak.

ASIO's director-general Duncan Lewis expressed concerns recently in his agency's annual report about foreign interference.

Mr Lewis said over the past year:
We identified foreign powers clandestinely seeking to shape the opinion of members of the Australian public, media organisations and government officials in order to advance their country's own political objectives.

These activities, undertaken covertly to obscure the role of foreign governments, represent a threat to our sovereignty, the integrity of our national institutions, and the exercise of our citizens' rights.

While no country was mentioned in the report, there has been a hint of concern about Russian and Chinese activities. This is a contrast with Canberra’s relaxed approach and appeasement of the most powerful lobby on behalf of a foreign government: Australia’s Israel lobby.

There is nothing ASIO suggests any Chinese lobby of doing that the Israeli lobby has not been doing for over 30 years. Any Chinese lobby is child’s play in contrast to the well-established Israeli lobby.
No country has more interfered, spied and endangered Australia’s security, sovereignty and the integrity of its national institutions than Israel and its powerful lobby.

By their own admission, the lobby receives funds from Israeli institutions, coordinates and cooperates with the Israeli government and embassy, and has 'established a long tradition of strong public advocacy on behalf of Israel' to shape the opinion of members of the Australian public, media organisations and government officials in order to advance Israel’s own political objectives.

Consecutive Liberal and Labor governments have been selling Australia’s foreign policy to Israel for decades, with huge campaign donations and free trips for MPs, officials, staffers and union officials.

There is no moral, commercial or national strategic interest to justify Australia’s unconditional support of the position of the Netanyahu cabinet. Nor is there a large “Jewish vote”. The last census saw the Jewish population fall to just 91,022. Public opinion surveys for more than ten years repeatedly show over 70 pe rcent support for Australia’s recognition of Palestine. So why the biased policy towards Israel?

The answer is the influence on the government and Opposition’s Middle East policies of a well-organised Israeli-linked lobby, which works for a foreign government.

Australian companies and businessmen, some of whom are both Israeli and Australian nationals, finance the Israeli-linked lobby groups. These include the Australia/Israel & Jewish Affairs Council (AIJAC) and the Zionist Federation of Australia (ZFA). They also donate money to both Labor and Liberal parties. On occasions, threats were made to withhold donations when there were hints of support for Palestine.

The Sydney Morning Herald (SMH) revealed in November 2012 that AIJAC, through its Rambam Israel Fellowship Programhas sponsored free trips to Israel for
'... more than 400 political leaders – including Julia Gillard and Tony Abbott – party advisers, public servants and university students. A separate trip is also run for journalists... '
As far back as 9 August 1985, businessman Mark Leibler, as president of the Zionist Federation of Australia (ZFA), said in the Australian Jewish News (AJN):
'We are generally improving our areas of influence. … and our directors interact fairly regularly with politicians, editors and journalists on a national scale and are in contact with officers of the Department of Foreign Affairs. The [Zionist] Federation works in close cooperation with the Israel Embassy in Canberra. We ought to be, and are the leading force in the community on matters of Israel and Zionism.'
Journalist Sam Lipski wrote about lobbying for Israel in an article on the AJN on 13 August 1993. He confirmed the Executive Council of Australian Jewry (ECAJ) and ZFA were linked with the Israeli Government and work on its behalf.

Lipski wrote:
'More or less since the 1982 Lebanon War, the ECAJ and the ZFA allowed, and the Likud government encouraged, a blurring of the roles between the ECAJ/ZFA and the Israeli Embassy. These two bodies became quasi-diplomatic agencies, often filling the vacuum created by an undermanned and remote Israel embassy.'
Imagine for a moment the angst of ASIO if a Chinese community leader had referred to Chinese associations in Australia becoming “quasi diplomatic agencies” to help the understaffed Chinese embassy.
On 20 August 1993, Helene Teichmann wrote in AJN that the Israeli Prime Minister
'…[Yitzhak] Rabin has praised the ZFA’s work and there has never been an indication from any Israeli government, publicly or privately, that the ZFA is not doing what is good for Israel and our community or that some other organ could do better. Nor does the ZFA act in splendid isolation. The Israeli Embassy and the Federation consult closely and completely agree as to their respective roles.'
The SMH reported Mark Leibler on 3 July 1993 as revealing that
“ZFA receives funds from the Jewish Agency in Israel.”
In the Jerusalem Post on 24 June 2010, Isi Leibler wrote:
'Jewish leaders have established a long tradition of strong public advocacy on behalf of Israel, and they can take much of the credit for the fact that successive governments have maintained a strong bipartisan support for Israel.'
One case study says it all.

Former Minister for Foreign Affairs Senator Gareth Evans criticized Israel’s human rights records during a visit to Israel in 1992 and echoed U.S. support for General Assembly Resolution 194, which calls for the repatriation of the Palestinian refugees forced out of their homeland in 1948. The Israel lobby went into overdrive. The Australian newspaper reported, on 13 June 1992, the president of the ECAJ Leslie Caplan had denounced Evans in an article headlined ‘Jewish community pressures Evans on criticism of Israel’.

Caplan said:
"Unless the Government stepped back from the views expressed by Senator Evans, it would cost the ALP significant Jewish support at the next federal election."
And Jewish MP Barry Cohen said:
“... the Jewish community, particularly in Melbourne and Sydney, had always been a strong source of ideological and financial support for the ALP. That will be weakened whenever a government appears to be antagonistic towards the State of Israel.”
An article in The Bulletin on 4 August 1992, entitled ‘ALP can’t count on Jewish support’, reported ECAJ’s new president, Jeremy Jones, saying
“It is not so much the Jewish vote that matters – there are fewer than 100,000 Jews in Australia – but rather the vast financial resources of the community’s wealthier members.”
Imagine if a Chinese community leader had said: It’s not the number of Chinese voters in Australia that counts but rather the vast finances of its wealthier members.

When Labor MPs criticized Israel’s violations of Palestinian human rights in 2003, there was the threat of withdrawing Jewish financial support to Labor.

The former Federal Labor MP Julia Irwin said in The Australian:
"The threat to withdraw financial support for the ALP because of perceived anti-Israel comments by Labor backbenchers is worrying. Not because the Labor needs the money, but because it suggests that all party members must toe the line even if their comments broadly agree with Labor policy.”
The late Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser, said in an article ‘The isolation of Hamas is impeding peace’, in The Age (11/8/09):
“Fear of criticism from the Jewish lobby in Australia has so far prevented Australian governments taking effective action.”
As a result of the Israeli lobby’s influence, Australia has joined a group of banana republics such as Micronesia, Costa Rica, Palau and the Marshall Islands, continuously opposing UN resolutions condemning Israel’s occupation, violations of international law and human rights, racial discrimination, the building of Jewish colonies and the Apartheid Wall, which further isolates Australia from the international community at the UN and other international forums.

For years, the Australian media has been reporting Israel’s spying activities, forging Australian and New Zealand passports, and recruiting Australians from the Jewish community to its army and spy agencies.

For example, New Zealand’s security agency arrested two Mossad agents in mid-2004 while attempting to obtain New Zealand passports under false names, Mossad’s spy cell operated under the nose of ASIO from its headquarters in Sydney, which was the base for its spying activities in Australasia for more than ten years.

Mossad used the forged Australian passports to spy in other countries and carry out the assassination of a Palestinian Hamas leader Mahmoud Al-Mabhoh in Dubai, UAE, a country friendly to Australia. This was a serious violation of Australia’s sovereignty and the undermining of international confidence in Australia’s passports.

Imagine the front page hysteria if Chinese spies had ever forged Australian passports to carry out a targeted assassination in a third country with which Australia had cordial relations. Nothing remotely as serious and specific was uncovered by the recent Four Corners-Fairfax attempt, assisted by ASIO, to find Chinese intrusion on Australian sovereignty.

In an article in the SMH on 26 February 2010, Peter Hartcher reported an Australian official saying
“... the Israeli secret service had probably calculated that, even if it were caught using forged Australian passports, Canberra would not retaliate. It wouldn’t matter whether it was John Howard or Kevin Rudd or Tony Abbott in the prime minister’s chair… [the Israelis] know they’ve got us by the balls… partly because of the Israel lobby.”
Allowing Israel and its lobby to use their financial donations, interfere, spy and endanger Australia’s security, sovereignty and the integrity of its national institutions with impunity, and without being accountable is a clear indication of the dangerous level of influence they have been allowed to get to in Australia, which makes the Government and the security agencies so weak and fearful; they are becoming the untouchable Holly Cow no matter what they do.

Attorney-General George Brandis announced recently that the Government is developing new legislation to require registration of foreign agents in Australia.

This would immediately be applicable to Israel and its powerful lobby. ASIO too should be required to oversight the most powerful lobby for a foreign government at work in Australia.

Substitute the words Israel, Jewish and Zionist Organisation for China, Chinese and the Communist Party, and imagine if China forged Australian passports, and used them to spy on other countries and carry out assassinations in friendly countries. Then think again about how Australia might have reacted — and how, indeed, it should react.
Ali Kazak is a former Palestinian ambassador.

30 November 2017




The Palestinian people will forever deserve our unwavering solidarity for freedom

  • Jessie Duarte
  • 24 Reactions
Wednesday 29 November 2017 will be the 40th anniversary of the declaration of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian people. It will be the 70th anniversary of Resolution 181-2 and the 50th anniversary of the Six-Day War. As we commemorate these anniversaries, we must ask ourselves as a people who suffered oppression and as an international community, whether what we are paying to the people of Palestine is mere lip service.
Resolution 181-2. This is one of the many resolutions adopted by the United Nations but violated by the State of Israel. In sum, the resolution adopted a plan for the partitioning of the land of Palestine into the Jewish State of Israel and the Arab State of Palestine. The plan also suggested a special recognition of the city of Jerusalem which would serve as a capital for both the Israeli and Palestinian states.
The resolution was adopted in 1947. Thirty years later, in 1977, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian people on the day that Resolution 181-2 was adopted, 29 November. The Assembly did so because it recognised that 30 years later, Palestinians were nowhere close to having a state of their own. In fact, 10 years after the Six-Day War of 1967, the lot of Palestinians was worse and Israel continued to violate international law.
Wednesday 29 November 2017 will be the 40th anniversary of the declaration of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian people. It will be the 70th anniversary of Resolution 181-2 and the 50th anniversary of the Six-Day War. The Six-Day War itself had direct devastating effects as, among others, Israel occupied East Jerusalem and the West Bank while over 300,000 Palestinians fled the West Bank. Israel continues to occupy the territories, again, in violation of international law.
As we commemorate these anniversaries, we must ask ourselves, as a people who suffered oppression, and as an international community, whether what we are paying to the people of Palestine is mere lip service. We must use this day of solidarity to make bold once again the assertion by Tata Madiba that South Africa will not be free until Palestine is free.
In his address at the state banquet hosting President Yasser Arafat, the late former President Nelson Mandela noted the supporting role played by Palestinians towards the liberation of the people of South Africa despite not possessing freedom themselves. This recognition was important, alluded Madiba, as it showed the immense sacrifices that Palestinians made, even placing the liberation of others above their own.
In that same tribute to President Arafat, Tata Madiba went on to state that: “… South Africa is proud to be part of the international consensus affirming the right of Palestine to self-determination and statehood…” Yet despite these long years and anniversaries, Palestinians are nowhere near to attaining justice and the right to self-determination.
Instead, Israel has continued to violate international law, occupation continues and the brutality of the Israeli system of oppression has, rightly, been likened to apartheid. Today, there should be no doubt that Israel is an apartheid state and in the words of former Israeli Prime Minister, Ehud Barak, it is fast turning into a tyrannical, fascist one.
Despite the resolve of the Israelis and the friends in the West and, sadly, East to ensure that the quest of Palestinians is drowned out by smokescreens such as the threat Iran poses, as South Africans we must use our international muscle and clout to guarantee that we will keep Palestine firmly on the international agenda.
While the Obama administration abandoned the peace process and while the Trump administration kowtows to the whims of the Netanyahu regime, we must position ourselves in order to ensure the correction of this historical injustice despite the time that has elapsed. Now more than ever, we must ensure that the Palestinian people receive support and encouragement during this time of marginalisation. 
The National Policy Conference of the ANC in July this year, in preparation for the National Conference in December, was emphatic about the support that the ANC continues towards Palestine. The ANC reaffirmed its “unwavering steadfast commitment” towards Palestinians but expressed its disappointment in Israel’s lack of commitment towards peace. 
After debating the possibility of downgrading our embassy in Israel, the National Policy Conference recommended two options of proposals which the 54th National Conference must consider and decide upon. First, we downgrade our embassy in Israel based on the continuous violation of international law and UN resolutions by the Israelis and the ongoing building of settlements in the Occupied Territories. The second option is to shut down our embassy completely, taking or not taking into account the associated risks. 
As the ANC therefore prepares for its National Conference, South Africa’s future relations with Israel hangs in the balance and rightly so. For over two decades, South Africa has pleaded with Israelis and worked with them, together with local groups, to ensure that injustices do not continue. Yet these have gone on unabated and Palestinians are continually denied the right to return and to declare a state with East Jerusalem as its capital. 
At the same time, the ANC has also noted the importance of ensuring that Palestinian unity remains a priority as the fight for liberation and justice is intensified. The ANC’s historical relationship with the Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO) and, in particular, Fatah, must not be compromised through its engagement with Hamas. In fact, evidence already suggests that Palestinians recognise the urgent need, given the current cooling down on the international front of issues pertaining to their plight, to unite. The ANC certainly would support any initiative that unites Hamas, Fatah and the larger PLO formation. 
The Policy Conference went on to propose that the National Conference adopt a resolution whereby a Global Solidarity Conference on Palestine, consisting of the liberation movements of Palestine and all other progressive international organisations who support the liberation of the Palestinian people, are invited. It is in this respect that the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian peoples becomes pertinent. 
This particular sentiment was expressed by the former president of the ANC, Comrade OR Tambo, and it is fitting, as we close the year in which we celebrated his centenary, to be reminded of his words, when, sharing the stage with Yasser Arafat, he said: 
“… the unconditional upholding of the right of the Palestinian people to self-determination must be an essential condition for a comprehensive settlement of the Middle East conflict, including Israeli withdrawal from occupied Arab territories and the security of all states in the region, including the state of Israel.”
There will be no peace in the Middle East, no secure and prosperous Israel, without a secure and prosperous Palestine. No justice, no peace. DM
Jessie Duarte is Deputy Secretary-General of the ANC 
Jessie Duarte

25 November 2017


The Influence of Israel on Britain

Last year the online publication Foreign Policy Journal published ‘The Best Congress AIPAC Can Buy,’ in which it was made clear that the American Israel Public Affairs Committee led a pro-Israel grouping that “is probably the strongest, best organized and most effective lobby network in Washington DC.

For the 2015-2016 election cycle, the pro-Israel network has already dispensed $4,255,136 in contributions.”  Then in August 2017 Global Research went further and deeper by stating that “AIPAC (formerly the American Zionist Committee) is a high-powered, multi-financed, multi-faceted, political pressure group working exclusively in the interests of six million Israelis and NOT for the welfare or benefit of 320 million Americans. It not only influences US legislation but raises massive sums of money in order to ensure that the House of Representatives and the Senate are both populated by members who support AIPAC’s political and economic agenda as a priority over that of the United States of America.”

It couldn’t be more obvious that a foreign country is interfering dramatically in the governance of the United States. But it doesn’t stop there, because even crisis-ridden Britain receives the creepy attention of Israel’s activists.

The government of the United Kingdom is in a state of turmoil, mainly because it lacks authority as a result of holding an election in which the Conservative party was unexpectedly dealt a severe blow to its pride and popularity. Since then its indecision and incompetence have been complicated by scandal, of which the latest involved enforced resignations of two cabinet ministers, one because he indulged in sexual harassment, and the latest, the overseas aid minister, Ms Priti Patel, because she told lies to the prime minister about a visit to Israel.

Ms Patel admitted her actions “fell below the high standards expected of a secretary of state” which was certainly the case, because she told lies;  but her low standard expeditions appear to have involved some intriguing antics.  It was reported that in August she went on “a secret trip to Israel with a lobbyist, during which she held 12 meetings, including one with Benjamin Netanyahu, the Israeli prime minister, without informing either [Prime Minister] May or Boris Johnson, the foreign secretary.”  It is amazing that she could have imagined that British intelligence services would not report her movements and meetings in the daily brief, but this did not stop her telling the Guardian newspaper that “Boris knew about the visit. The point is that the Foreign Office did know about this, Boris knew about [the visit to Israel]. It is not on, it is not on at all.  I went out there, I paid for it, and there is nothing else to this. It is quite extraordinary. It is for the Foreign Office to go away and explain themselves.”

But it wasn’t the Foreign Office that had to explain things, because this was yet another squalid deception by a grubby little politician — for whatever reason she may have had to try to disguise her motives.  Her assertion that “I went on holiday and met with people and organisations  . . . It is not about who else I met, I have friends out there,” didn’t ring true, and the media discovered a whole raft of deceit.

Not only did she have a dozen meetings with “friends” in Israel, but, as revealed by the Sun newspaper, “on September 7, Ms Patel met Israeli Minister for Public Security Gilad Erdan for talks in the House of Commons. Then, on September 18, she met Israel’s Foreign Ministry boss Yuval Rotem while in New York at the UN General Assembly. Ms Patel would not last night [November 6] disclose what the meetings were about.  She had seen both men in Tel Aviv in August . . .”

She was accompanied on her Middle Eastern holiday by an agent of influence of Israel, Lord Polak, who attended all her meetings with Israel’s best and brightest,  including Prime Minister Netanyahu. And Polak went with her to New York, with his flight being paid for by the Israeli consulting firm ISHRA, which “offers a wide range of client services.”  Polak was also present when she had undisclosed discussions with the Israeli Minister for Public Security in the House of Commons before she went to New York.

Lord Polak didn’t have far to walk to the House of Commons because he is a member of the adjacent House of Lords, Britain’s unelected upper chamber of Parliament, which is a travesty of democracy. It makes a mockery of social equality and far too many of its members are generous donors to political parties or failed politicians who have been “kicked upstairs” to well-recompensed relaxation as compensation for years of political toadying. There are 800 members of the House, making it the second-largest legislative assembly in the world, after China’s National People’s Congress (and it has to be borne in mind that China has a population of 1.3 billion as against Britain’s 65 million).
In short, the House of Lords is a farcical disgrace.  But it still has much influence, because there is a great deal of money sloshing around, and there are people and political parties who control this money — like the Conservative Friends of Israel (CFI), an organisation that the Financial Times (FT) reports has “an estimated 80 per cent of Tory MPs as members.” And it is no coincidence that Lord Polak “spent a quarter of a century as head of the CFI . . . He quit as director in 2015 to join the House of Lords, but has remained the group’s honorary president.”

CFI is a wealthy organisation which the FT notes “has given £377,994 [495,000 US dollars] to the Conservative party since 2004, mostly in the form of fully-funded trips to Israel for MPs.”  Not only that, but it gives large individual donations to Conservative members of parliament — and does anyone imagine for a moment that any politician so favoured is going to say a single word against Israel in any forum in any context?

They’ve been bought.

The CFI’s deep-pocket generosity includes holding an annual London dinner, at which last December the prime minister not only referred to Lord Polak as “the one and only Stuart Polak” but noted there were over 200 legislators present and declared she was “so pleased that the CFI has already taken 34 of the 74 Conservative MPs elected in 2015 to Israel.”

Money is the most important feature of UK-Israel relations, and May was thrilled about “our countries’ biggest-ever business deal, worth over £1 billion, when Israeli airline El Al decided to use Rolls Royce engines in its new aircraft.”  It all comes down to money, and Israel, in receipt of oceans of cash from the United States, can splurge it where it wants.

Last year it was announced that the US “will give Israel $38 billion in military assistance over the next decade, the largest such aid package in US history, under a landmark agreement signed on [September 14]” which includes an annual amount of $3.3 billion in “foreign military financing.”

Britain can’t give Israel any money, as it is itself in a poor financial situation, but it tries to make up for lack of cash by unconditional political support. It doesn’t matter to Britain’s government that Israel is in violation of nearly 100 UN Security Council resolutions, most of them requiring its withdrawal from illegally occupied Arab lands.  Don’t expect the United Kingdom to criticise the Israeli fiefdom.

The love-fest between Britain’s Conservative party and the state of Israel is not only unhealthy but suspiciously personal. There is little wonder that the British government has done its best to sweep the sordid Patel affair under the carpet, and that the intrigues of Lord Polak are being kept very quiet indeed.

Lord Polak is chair of the advisory board of TWC Associates, a “boutique consultancy specialising in the development of political strategy”, which lists among its clients several Israeli defence companies, including Elbit Systems which specialises in defence electronics.

In 2012 it was disclosed that TWC and Elbit Systems were involved in the appalling British “Generals for Hire” scandal when Elbit’s UK chairman told undercover Sunday Times reporters that TWC could gain access to government “from the prime minister down.”  In this particularly revolting instance of corruption the British retired Lieutenant General Richard Applegate, then Chairman of TWC, boasted that TWC had enormous influence, through its connections with Conservative Friends of Israel.  He declared that “We piggy back on something, and please don’t spread this around, to do with basically Conservative Friends of Israel . . .  do a series of discreet engagements using advisers to gain access to particular decision makers.” Just as Ms Patel was doing in Tel Aviv and London and New York, with the shadowy but authoritative guidance of the creepy Polak.

There is a lot that is wrong in the United Kingdom at the moment, but the Israeli scandal is the most squalid pantomime so far revealed in the tenure of the present administration. The prime minister is desperate to conceal her government’s intimate association with Israel, and is achieving success by deflecting media attention away from the machinations of the Israeli lobby and selecting other targets. Her attack on Russia in a bizarre diatribe at a London banquet on November 13 was indicative of panic, but the headlines were obtained and the grubby Israel drama faded away into the background.

In the words of Prime Minister Theresa May on November 2, just as news of the Patel scandal was breaking, “We are proud to stand here today together with Prime Minister Netanyahu and declare our support for Israel. And we are proud of the relationship we have built with Israel.”

The British public will never know what Patel, Polak and all the other agents of influence were scheming to achieve, or what sinister fandangos they may get up to in the future, but we can be certain that the Britain-Israel alliance will continue to prosper. The United States has “the best Congress AIPAC can buy,” and Britain’s legislators are right up there with their transatlantic colleagues. They have no scruples and no shame, but seem to have plenty of cash.
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Brian Cloughley writes about foreign policy and military affairs. He lives in Voutenay sur Cure, France.

21 November 2017


Inside the camp, the men were desperate but determined.
Sick. Hungry. Trapped. They wanted freedom.
This is Manus Island.
The men packing the boat with rice, cigarettes and medicine had fled war and persecution in their home countries.
Now, at 1 a.m., off the coast of a remote island in Papua New Guinea, they were speeding back to the detention camp they hated.
Why, I asked, would they return to the prisonlike “refugee processing center” where they had been trapped for nearly five years?
“We have brothers to feed,” said Behnam Satah, 31, a Kurdish asylum seeker, as we cruised over moon-silvered waves on a hot November night. “We have brothers who need help.”
Secret supply runs maintain the camp’s solidarity.
Power, food and water were cut off weeks ago.
The asylum seekers have been ​trapped​ for years.
Some holdouts struggle with ​anxiety and ​depression.
More than 1,300 asylum seekers have been dumped on Manus Island since the end of 2012 as part of Australia’s contentious policy to keep migrants from reaching its shores. They were all but forgotten until last month when Australia’s attempt to shut down the center and move the men to facilities near the island’s main town of Lorengau hit resistance.
Hundreds of the men refused to leave.
Many said they were afraid to move closer to town, where some had been attacked and robbed by local residents. But it was more than that. With the attention of the world finally on them, the camp’s detainees had turned their prison into a protest, braving a lack of water, electricity and food to try to jog loose a little compassion from the world.
They had already suffered and understood danger. Fleeing more than a dozen countries, they had risked their lives with human traffickers on ramshackle boats leaving Indonesia. And ever since the compound started filling up in 2013, it has been plagued by illness, suicide and complaints of mistreatment.
But now, by staying there and sneaking in and out by boat, they were risking arrest in a desperate search for self-determination, and to intensify scrutiny of Australia’s migration policy and methods.
And that scrutiny has come.
Veteran United Nations officials said this month they had never seen a wealthy democracy go to such extremes to punish asylum seekers and push them away.
Papua New Guinea officials and local leaders, enraged at how the camp’s closure was handled, have demanded to know why Australia is not doing more to help the men.
Instead, Australia is cutting services — reducing caseworkers and no longer providing medication, officials said, even though approximately 8 in 10 of the men suffer from anxiety disorders, depression and other issues largely caused by detention, according to a 2016 independent study.
“It’s a very drastic reduction,” said Catherine Stubberfield, a spokeswoman for the United Nations refugee agency, who recently visited Manus.
Australia’s Department of Immigration and Border Protection did not answer questions about the service cuts. In a statement, it said general health care was still available and “alternative accommodation sites” were “operational” and “suitable.”
Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull has also doubled down on Australia’s hard-line approach, arguing that offshore detention has been a successful deterrent against illegal trafficking.
But in Papua New Guinea, deterrence increasingly looks like an incentive for cruelty. Officials, Manus residents and outside experts all argue that Australia has a responsibility to those it placed here, to international law, and to its closest neighbor.
“They’ve put the burden on a former colony which does not have the resources for many of the things its own people want, like health care and a social safety net,” said Paige West, a Columbia University anthropologist who has done extensive fieldwork on Manus. “This is a problem created by Australia’s failure to comply with its human rights obligations.”
The camp is a half-hour boat ride from town.
Relations with refugees have been uneasy.
Jobs on Manus are scarce. Rents are rising.
Just south of the equator, the heat is relentless.
The detention center, a warren of barracks and tents, sprawls across a naval base used by American troops in 1944 during World War II. The Papua New Guinea Supreme Court ruled in 2016 that the camp was illegal, calling it a violation of “personal liberty.” The governments of Australia and Papua New Guinea agreed in April to close the site by Oct. 31.
But finding alternatives has been a struggle.
Some of the men at the camp — all of whom were caught at trying to reach Australia by boat — have been granted refugee status and are hoping for relocation to the United States, under a deal brokered by President Obama and initially opposed by President Trump.
But nearly 200 of the 843 men still stuck on Manus (women and children were sent to the island of Nauru) have not had their asylum claims fully processed, or their claims have been rejected, leaving them effectively stuck on the island.
For now, all of the detainees are expected to move to three smaller facilities, near Lorengau, a few miles from the camp.
Lorengau is not a big place. It is a close-knit rural town with a few thousand people, a single supermarket, a rusty playground and electricity that comes and goes.
The new detention facilities are set apart from main roads and are closely guarded — we were turned away when a photographer and I tried to visit. But detainees can come and go. And photos, taken by the men, show that none of the facilities were fully operational more than a week after the move was supposed to happen.
At one of the new facilities, West Lorengau Haus, the electricity and water had not been turned on when representatives of the United Nations refugee agency visited days after the main camp had officially closed.
“It’s still a construction site — you can’t just move refugees into that space,” said Ms. Stubberfield, the spokeswoman.
The two other sites also had problems: One had intermittent running water, and the other, the East Lorengau Transit Center, lacked caseworkers.
Kepo Pomat, who owns the land that facility occupies, said he had issued the authorities an ultimatum: If his company did not receive the caseworker employment contracts, he would kick the refugees off his property.
Part of the problem is that the governments of Australia and Papua New Guinea are at odds over who is responsible for the men. Australia says Papua New Guinea is in charge of providing for them. Papua New Guinea says it is willing to house the refugees, but it is Australia’s responsibility to pay for them and pursue ways for them to leave.
“We’ve been urging that the Australians keep up their responsibility,” said Duncan Joseph, a community leader and the island’s Red Cross representative. “The fact that they’ve withdrawn and drastically scaled back services doesn’t change that for us, morally and legally, they are responsible for these men.”
Many of the detainees who have moved to the new sites reported crowded dormitories and delays with getting food. Some did not receive the weekly stipend of $30 for medicine and incidentals they were promised upon arrival.
Mohyadin Omar, 27, a lawyer with a soft demeanor who fled Somalia in 2013, said the move to the transit center had made him consider returning to Mogadishu. He is a certified refugee who lost his entire family to war. He fears he will be killed back home, but he may go anyway.
“I’m tortured four years here,” he said. “I’m done.”
Behrouz Boochani writes about the camp’s struggle​s​.
But others suffer silently.
Morteza Arefifar recently tried to commit suicide.
Joinul Islam was attacked with a machete.
Back inside the main detention camp, conditions deteriorated quickly after the Australians officially left on Oct. 31, cutting off the electricity and water before departing.
In the equatorial heat, the men who were sick got sicker. Asthmatics needed inhalers. Diabetics needed insulin.
Mr. Satah, the leader of the supply operation, seemed relieved when our boat pushed ashore. The navy guards and police meant to keep everything out of the camp either did not see us or chose not to intervene. Mr. Satah, a fast-talking former English teacher, smiled he led a dozen men carrying food and medicine toward a container inside the compound.
“O.K. Brothers, thank you very much — love you, love you,” he said, echoing their expressions of appreciation.
Though it was after 2 a.m., many of the men were eager to guide me through the camp, where most had lived for more than four years, in many cases without ever leaving.
They showed off the well they had dug for water, and the protest signs they posted on Twitter using cracked cellphones, cherished like fine crystal.
Some of the men who stayed at the camp appeared mentally stronger than those who had relocated.
They made clear they want to be resettled in a third country, neither Australia nor Papua New Guinea. In the meantime, they were surviving. They were defying the authorities. Thanks in part to money from supportive Australians and local boat pilots risking arrest, they had cigarettes, a stash of booze, and a measure of what they have most craved: agency and autonomy.
“There are many things that brought us to the point where we’ve said we will never go,” Mr. Satah said when he was still in Lorengau gathering supplies. “But remember, we didn’t come here by choice.”
Behrouz Boochani, another Iranian Kurd who has become well-known for writing from the camp, put it more simply in a resistance manifesto: “All the conversations are driven by one thing, and one thing only, and that is freedom,” he wrote. “Only freedom.”
Why then have more of the men not tried to pursue a future in Papua New Guinea? After I spent time in Lorengau, it became clear: Even for those who have made a life in Manus, there are real challenges.
Mustafizah Rahman, 25, an asylum seeker from Bangladesh, married a local woman and opened a shop in a red shipping container near the main Lorengau market.
There, he said, he is pursuing his dream “to become a multimillionaire.”
The island’s residents consider him a model of integration. But Mr. Rahman, whose wife is eight months pregnant, remains stateless, he said, without formal residency in Papua New Guinea.
Lorengau has become increasingly crowded with climate change refugees who have moved there from more remote islands, and Mr. Rahman said he was barely getting by after paying for rising rent and food costs.
“Not everyone can do this,” Mr. Rahman said, between customers. “We’re really not accepted in this country. If they bring everyone to town, many people will die.”
Photos in camp point to the past.
Graffiti shows the pain of detention.
And the dead are memorialized.
Another challenge: missing family.
The fear of violence is shared by many of the asylum seekers, who have been targets of attacks in Manus and in other parts of Papua New Guinea, as they have been in other countries. A recent Human Rights Watch report documented a series of cellphones thefts and attacks, some involving machetes.
Kakau Karani, Lorengau’s acting mayor, said that the risks were exaggerated and that in fact, many residents had provided the men with food, lodging and work.
Around 10 children have been born to asylum seekers and local women, the mayor said, adding, “If we weren’t friendly, we would not be making babies here.”
Other residents worry that the men are preying on local women.
Ultimately, both the asylum seekers and the local residents are a mix of potential and risks.
Some of the detainees are resilient and have learned new languages. Others survive with sleeping pills or drink too much — as do some local men.
Australia says offshore detention has reduced trafficking and deaths at sea. Mr. Turnbull has rejected an offer from New Zealand to take 150 of the refugees, arguing it would encourage traffickers.
But for Manus, the effects are evolving and still being tallied. Six detainees have died here. A small number have reached Australia for medical treatment. Hundreds have left, after agreeing to deportation. And 54 refugees from Manus and Nauru have made it to the United States.
When might more follow?
Yassir Hussein, one of the camp’s leaders, said he often contemplated ideals like liberty and justice — and what they mean for migration’s winners and losers.
“We are happy for the lucky ones,” he said. “But why are they lucky? Why are we not lucky?”
Damien Cave is the Australia bureau chief for The New York Times. Sign up for his weekly newsletter and follow him on Twitter: @damiencave.


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90 years old, political gay activist, hosting two web sites, one personal: http://www.red-jos.net one shared with my partner, 94-year-old Ken Lovett: http://www.josken.net and also this blog. The blog now has an alphabetical index: http://www.red-jos.net/alpha3.htm